What are Private Cellular Networks (5G or LTE)?
Private networks and LTE 5G is called “non-government networks” 3GPP, by the organization of mobile telecommunications standards. They are the base stations of networks and cellular networks using wireless spectrum, license sharing or not LTE or 5G, small cell, and other to transmit voice and data to the radio access network (RAN) infrastructure that includes smartphones, embedded modules, routers and gateways.
5G have many benefits. It performs better as compared to LTE network technology. 5G is the new mobile networking technology, it transfers data faster, lower latency, and it also has the ability to connect to a larger number of peripheral devices. You can even opt for IPIX network in case if you need closed internet network for your business or personal use.
LTE provides secure, reliable and fast connectivity. LTE is a 4G mobile network technology. This technology use in today’s smartphones to call friends and family, check email, play games or watch videos.
How do LTE and 5G Private Networks Work?
Technically, private LTE and 5G networks are operated by public LTE and 5G networks such as Verizon, AT & T, Vodafone and other mobile network operators (MNOs). Advanced devices use the radio spectrum to transmit data to nearby cellular base stations, access points, and other network infrastructure.
The infrastructure then routes this data to the internal network of the company through a secure wired connection. Through this secure connection, data from devices can remain sent to various cloud services and applications. To send data back to the devices, the same process is done in reverse.
The difference between public and private LTE and 5G networks is those who have licenses or priority access to wireless spectrum, and who own and operate the base station and network infrastructure.
In the case of public LTE and 5G networks, ORMs (mobile network operators) own and operate spectrum and network infrastructure. Additionally, all ORM customers (other than first responders or similar public safety agencies) typically have the same network access rights.
With private LTE and 5G networks, private entities operate at a level of priority for network infrastructure or spectrum. The number of networks and spectrum infrastructure owned and operated can vary widely.
With full private LTE and 5G networks (which we will focus on in this article), the organization owns the wireless spectrum used for the network as well as the network’s base stations and other infrastructure. This gives it complete control over the network and allows it to completely differentiate its users from other public MNO networks.
However, there are other types of private networks. In the case of shared private networks and hybrid private LTE and 5G networks, parts of the network own, shared, or operated by MNOs or other organizations.
Who can Build a Private LTE Network or a Private 5G Network?
Virtually any organization can build its own private LTE or 5G network if they wish. For this they only required spectrum, network infrastructure equipment, and edge devices that can help to connect to that device.
Full private LTE and 5G networks require a higher initial investment. This is why organizations deploying or planning private LTE or 5G networks are typically those organizations that need to provide connectivity to a large number of users and devices, or for applications to cover a large geographic area is required.
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